In a single vineyard
In Kamptal, vineyards have bore names such as Steinhaus, Steinmassl, Loiserberg, Heiligenstein, Schenkenbichl, Haasl or Käferberg for centuries. Such a designation and differentiation of the different locations in Kamptal not only make sense as a guide, they also define the individual “taste of home”. You can see this for yourself at a wine tasting through the location of the Kamptal, around the Vinotheque territory of Ursin House.
The soil is characterised by deep loess, whereby an optimal water supply of the vines is possible. Through its south-easterly direction, the situation is sheltered from the north-east, which allows a uniform ripening of the grapes and making the dean a good red wine of the island Kamptal.
The gneiss bedrock is covered by shallow brown earth. However, the roots have to penetrate the hard rock millimetre by millimetre, which happens mainly through the cracks and crevices of the brittle Gföhl gneiss. This favours the appearance of fine and elegant aromas. The significant south exposition with a steep slope makes the sun rays fall at an optimum angle on the terraces, due to the open, drafty location the grapes are less susceptible to disease here. Simultaneously, the location is wonderfully protected from excessively cold winds from the north by a dense pine forest.
Gaisberg is the most south-eastern foothill of Manhartsberg and thus of the crystalline basement of the Bohemian Massif. From this point eastward and southward, completely different geological and climatic conditions prevail. The transitional horizon that makes it special from this vineyard in south exposition. The individual layer in the lower part of the Gaisberg, the furnace mountain, distinguished by its particular soil and its micro-climate. Here the ground with a delicate layer of loess is covered, the optimum condition for the very special Veltliner In this situation thrive distinctive Grüner Veltliner.
The name Hasel is derived from the hazel bush, which exists in the very well-stocked locations. Since this perennial is very common in this region, this gave growers Riede many generations ago the name “Hazel”. The soil was formed in the cold, dry climate of the Ice Age. By glacial action (high pressure) rocks such as quartz, limestone, mica, and clay particles were pulverised. These soils hardly suffer from dryness because the loess has an enormous reservoir of moisture. The heart of the vineyard, with a gentle stretch to the south, called agents hazel. In this location powerful and dense wines thrive – very ripe Grüner Veltliner, wines with a harmonious combination of power, wealth, pronounced flavour and elegance.
The location Käferberg is at the upper end of the eastern slope, at about 300 metres above sea level in the north of the city Langenlois. In the middle part of the hill, loess soil prevails. Here, different soil layers alternate. In addition to slightly sandy areas there is heavy clay soil, in between which Gföhl gneiss can increasingly be found. On Käferberg and has a very private, cooler micro-climate, which accounts for the different floors next to the special charm of the situation. Through this climate, it is possible for the Grüner Veltliner grape to hang on the vine for as long as it needs until it reaches physiological maturity. As a result, they save a lot of minerality and develop into fine and elegant wines.
The Heiligenstein, with its ruddy, weathered desert sandstone and conglomerates of volcanic components, is one of the best Riesling areas in the growing area. Between the vineyards there is a flora and fauna, as is usually found only in far southern Mediterranean areas. On the droplet-irrigated terraces Riesling thrives in its particularly spicy characteristic. The hard bedrock is the location specific minerals from the grape and creates terroir-specific wines. The shell-shaped vessel open to the south layer forms a micro-climate that promotes varietal fruit flavours in Riesling.
This area is dominated by sharply changing soil types: partly sandy, partly clayey cohesive clay, on the other hand slate cuts that just reach the soil surface (Gföhl gneiss). The cohesive soil makes a very good water retention and thus guarantees an optimal water supply throughout the growing season. A special micro-climate is achieved here by the hollow sheltered by storms and wind, which is expressed by a uniform heating of the vineyard. The high potash content of the soil ensures dense wines with subtle spice.
The crystalline rocky soil (Gföhl gneiss) with very thin humus layer, located south to south-eastward, provides the vines with a very barren surface, allowing the roots to penetrate deep into the rocky ground to obtain the necessary nutrients. This made it difficult nutrient intake leads to wines with very pronounced, multi-layered character and deep fruitiness. The Loiserberg is the westernmost peak in the forest area and thus enjoys a special micro-climate: While its sun-exposed terraces are known as Hitzepol, here the vines are simultaneously and continuously washed by cooler winds from the rougher forest district. This mix of warm and cool air is particularly useful for the development of the aromas, so even exotic notes will be achieved. Based on the soil conditions and the special micro-climate, grape varieties with distinct flavour thrive here.
The location Schenkenbichl has a continuous deep soil profile with unusual brownish black earth. This allows the vines are rooted very deep and absorb the nutrients and minerals from different soil layers. The airy south facing position favours the passage of Westerly, warm winds. So the grapes can hang here in a perfectly healthy condition until late autumn to reach the corresponding natural concentration. Accordingly, here Veltliner and burgundy vines annually bring forth wines of exceptional density, thickness and expressiveness.
Located in the west of the town Zöbing and facing south, Seeberg the vineyard is located at about 300 metres above sea level. Considering the climate, the position is already under the influence of the cool Waldviertel region. The special tension between hot days and cool nights allows the grapes to mature slowly and produce a high fruitiness in wines. Sand and clay are interspersed with slate cuttings that just reach up to the surface. This mix ensures delicately fruity, spicy wines with good concentration and suits the Riesling very well.
Spiegel, a south-facing location about 250 metres above sea level, is seen from the Danube upstream of the city of Langenlois. This is a powerful loess layer (up to 40 metres), which is sandy and slightly on the surface. Thanks to the deep soils, the vines here are rooted very deep and can also survive so long dry periods without damage. According to soil type, very concentrated and complex Veltliner grow here. The grapes take on the terroir in themselves and bring forth wines of high concentration of flavour. The wine needs a few years of maturation, only then does it release its whole vineyard characteristic.
Stangl is headed south and forms the continuation of the exchange mountain. It is composed of loess and loam soil and sandy, lime-free clay in a variety of forms, which is coloured yellow-brown by iron compounds. This all results from weathering of granite and gneiss, decalcification of loess and glacial deposits. These elements were transported by ice, water and wind very far into Kamptal.
The upper floor consists of a very limited edition (up to 40 centimetres) from loamy to sandy clay in combination with gneiss and mica schist. Due to the volcanic recesses, a relatively large number of loose stones are transported to the surface. This has on the one hand a difficult tillage result, on the other hand allows the high stone content, storage of the daily solar energy and their delivery in the night. This results in a particularly uniform maturation and development of terroir-influenced aromas, however the wines have a nimble and playful palette.
In the west of the city Langenlois the slopes steeper and the soils are stony. The vineyard Steinmassl, at about 300 metres above sea level, lies on one of these slopes facing southeast and is protected from cold winds from the west and north. The subsoil consists of Gföhl gneiss with slightly weathered, silvery glittering mica. The brown earth is riddled with an above average number of stones that make it difficult to work in the vineyard. But the loose rock also has advantages. It is an excellent storer of heat and continues its heat-radiating effect even after sunset.
The mighty Wechselberg rises on the eastern arm of the Straßertal and is oriented to the south. The soils are residual soils of the crystalline basement of the Bohemian Massif and crystalline schist. The orientation of this location means that there is intensive sunlight all day. Due to the height of the Wechselberg there is a special micro-climate here, a gentle breeze in the night cools down the hot summer air. This creates a temperature difference, which in turn ensures an excellent expansion of flavours in the grape. A fact which makes it almost a duty to plant Grüner Veltliner and Riesling in the vineyards of the Wechselberg.
From the early morning until evening this unique location is situated in the intense light of the sun. Because this steep location is situated in a geological basin, the fog accumulates in the autumn, so that the vine can absorb additional moisture on the leaf, which in turn leads to a rich, wonderful flavour development in the wine. The soil formation consists of shale that is millions of years old, which is caused by high pressure in clay and mud in the deep sea. This soil has excellent heat storage capacity – an ideal prerequisite for Riesling.